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Edge 1809

  • Assistive Technology: NVDA 2018.4
  • OS: Windows 10
  • Tested with Braille: No
  • Tested with Screenreader: Yes
  • Input type: Keyboard

Results for Basic Functionality: 80%

Test book used: Fundamental Accessibility Tests: Basic Functionality, version 1.0.0

Summary

Microsoft are removing EPUB support around the end of 2019. As Windows 10 computers are updated then Edge will lose the ability to open EPUBs. This review is kept in place for the moment because Edge will remain as the default EPUB reader in Windows installations that are not yet updated. Edge provides a comfortable user experience, supporting features like searching, navigate to pages and sections, bookmarks and notes, and all non visual reading features. Navigation information is available just when TOC is used to locate sections or pages in the book. Moving to the next chapter also requires to use the table contents, and hierarchy is not presented in TOC for screen readers. For adding notes, it's recommended to ensure that caret browsing is active (press f7 for this). In browse mode, only screen layout is supported; so, pressing k or NVDA+f7 to open the Elements List dialog could be needed to locate the next link. As hyphenation can't be deactivated, Words can be splitted in different lines, and this may produce incorrect pronunciation in certain cases. Also, when navigating to different chapters in the book, the desired document is focused, but other frames can be presented below. This should be addressed when selecting text; for instance, use shift+down arrow instead of Shift+control+end to select a precisse piece of text. Press f6 to switch between the book text and the features of the reading system, such as Hub, table of contents, bookmarks or notes. Escape can be pressed several times to exit and come back to the book text.

Test results for Basic Functionality
Test ID Name Description Result Notes
file-010 Operating system/Platform accessibility If you are using a hardware device, it can be started independently and essential accessibility for starting and exiting applications is available. Pass
file-110 The reading system can be activated independently If you are using a reading app that requires you to create an online account then the complete getting started process should be accessible. Pass
file-210 Open content Open the Fundamental Accessibility Test book in the reading system. Pass Books can be opened using the context menu from file explorer.
file-310 Listing documents Check if you can navigate inside the bookshelf. Pass
nav-010 Navigate to chapters through the Table of Contents Check if you can navigate to a section by using the table of contents. Pass
nav-110 Navigate content by pages Check if you can navigate the content by pages. Pass Use the reading system feature (control+g).
nav-210 Navigate forward and backward through reflowed content Use any control or command to navigate forward and backwards in the book content. Pass
nav-310 Read navigation information Use the "Where am I?" or any other similar command available in the reading system and check if you can get information about your current position in the book. Fail Supported when navigation is performed using the table of contents. Otherwise, page number is not reported, though the current section can be found out pressing NVDA+f7 to open the Elements List dialog, and selecting Headings in the Type set of radio buttons.
nav-410 Perform a search, review the search results Perform a search, review the search results and navigate to the selected search result in the content. Pass Press control+f, enter text and use arrow keys to select the desired result.
anno-010 Add a Bookmark or Highlight Some reading systems may have a Highlight feature in place of Bookmarks. The tests for Bookmarks may then be performed with Highlights. Pass Navigate to a section using the table of contents in the reading system, and press control+shift+d.
anno-110 Review and navigate Bookmarks or Highlights Check if you can review and navigate Bookmarks or Highlights. Pass
anno-210 Add a note Add a Note at this location in the book. Provide a few lines of text in the Note. Pass Items like sections can be annotated: Navigate to a section using the TOC in the reading system, switch to focus mode (NVDA+space), select text with review cursor (NVDA+f9 and NVDA+f10), and use the context menu (Applications key) to add a note. Ideally, this should be supported in browse mode.
anno-310 Review and navigate Notes Check if you can review and navigate Notes. Pass
nav-005 The table of contents in the app presents the content hierarchy Check if the table of Contents is accessible and its hierarchy is presented correctly by the reading system Fail TOC is accessible, but the hierarchy is not presented to screen readers.
nav-510 Move across chapters without using TOC Check if you can move across chapters without having to use the Table of Contents. Fail

Results for Non-visual Reading: 100%

Test book used: Fundamental Accessibility Tests: Non-Visual Reading, version 1.0.0

Summary

Edge can be used to read ePUB files on Windows with a native program (the web browser) of the operative system), that is, without installing external applications. In general, it provides a comfortable user experience, supporting features like searching, navigate to pages and sections, bookmarks and notes, and all non visual reading features. Navigation information is available just when TOC is used to locate sections or pages in the book. Moving to the next chapter also requires to use the table contents, and hierarchy is not presented in TOC for screen readers. For adding notes, it's recommended to ensure that caret browsing is active (press f7 for this). In browse mode, only screen layout is supported; so, pressing k or NVDA+f7 to open the Elements List dialog could be needed to locate the next link. As hyphenation can't be deactivated, Words can be splitted in different lines, and this may produce incorrect pronunciation in certain cases. Also, when navigating to different chapters in the book, the desired document is focused, but other frames can be presented below. This should be addressed when selecting text; for instance, use shift+down arrow instead of Shift+control+end to select a precisse piece of text. Press f6 to switch between the book text and the features of the reading system, such as Hub, table of contents, bookmarks or notes. Escape can be pressed several times to exit and come back to the book text.

Test results for Non-visual Reading
Test ID Name Description Result Notes
reading-010 Initiate "read from here" Focus on the beginning of a paragraph or a sentence and initiate reading. Reading should continue until interrupted by the user or at the end of the current document, e.g. current chapter. The text being read should preferably remain in view, but this is not a requirement to pass the test. Pass
reading-110 Stop and resume reading Initiate reading from any point in the book. Stop reading and note the last read position. Initiate reading again and check if reading starts at the last read location. Pass
reading-210 All text should be read in the proper order Sample text has been provided to test the reading order. The Paragraph 2 should be read after Paragraph 1. Note that visually Paragraph 2 is placed to the left of Paragraph 1 but it is second in the reading order. Pass
reading-310 Image alternate text reading Ensure that the alternate text for the image is available. Pass Switch to Object Review mode and move the review cursor by words or characters to review the text. Ideally, this should be possible in Document Review mode with the system cursor.
reading-410 Change reading speed It should be possible to adjust (increase/decrease) the speed of reading. This test should be performed using the Assistive Technology being used for accessibility evaluation. Pass
reading-510 TTS allows pause for headings, paragraphs, list items, etc The user should be able to identify the difference between content items such as headings, paragraphs or list items by sufficient pauses in the TTS reading or appropriate formatting in the Braille device. Pass
reading-610 Navigate between the cells, rows and columns in the table Check if you can navigate between the rows and columns of the table Pass
reading-710 Navigate between internal hyperlinks Check if you can navigate between internal hyperlinks. Pass
reading-810 Move to the next block item Check if you can move to the next available page element e.g. paragraph, image or table by using a common key/gesture like swipe right, down arrow etc. Pass
reading-910 Navigate by characters Check if it is possible to navigate to next and previous character in the book text by way of any command or gesture. Pass
reading-1010 Navigate by words Check if it is possible to navigate to next and previous word in the book text by way of any command or gesture. Pass
reading-1110 Navigate by lines Check if it is possible to navigate to next and previous line in the book text by way of any command or gesture. Pass
reading-1210 Navigate the content by headings Check if you can move to the next and previous headings in this book without using the Table of Contents. Pass
reading-1310 Select and copy text Reading systems should provide the ability to copy pieces of text that could be used for notes, in quotations, or to facilitate searching terms contained in the book. In some cases, this could be achieved using an AT such as a screen reader, for instance with a dedicated cursor or other procedures. Pass In browse mode, select text with the system cursor, for instance using shift+arrow keys, and press control+c.