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Kindle  

  • Reading System Kindle  
  • Assistive Technology: NVDA 
  • OS: Windows 
  • Tested with Braille: No
  • Tested with Screenreader: Yes
  • Input type: Keyboard

Results for Basic Functionality: 60%

Last updated: 9 March 2022

Test book used: Fundamental Accessibility Tests: Basic Functionality, version 1.0.0

These tests were done by Prashant Ranjan Verma.

Summary

Kindle app from Microsoft Store version 1.34.1 NVDA version Windows 11

Test results for Basic Functionality
Test ID Name Description Result Notes
file-010 Operating system/Platform accessibility If you are using a hardware device, it can be started independently and essential accessibility for starting and exiting applications is available. Pass
file-110 The reading system can be activated independently If you are using a reading app that requires you to create an online account then the complete getting started process should be accessible. Pass
file-210 Open content Open the Fundamental Accessibility Test book in the reading system. Pass The KFX version of test files were copied to the "My Kindle content" folder.
file-310 Listing documents Check if you can navigate inside the bookshelf. Pass
nav-005 The table of contents in the app presents the content hierarchy Check if the table of Contents is accessible and its hierarchy is presented correctly by the reading system Fail All TOC items are indicated to be at level 1 by NVDA. Chapters can be expanded or collapsed with mouse to reveal sub-sections but this cannot be done with NVDA.
nav-010 Navigate to chapters through the Table of Contents Check if you can navigate to a section by using the table of contents. Fail The NVDA focus does not land on desired location after choosing a TOC item.
nav-110 Navigate content by pages Check if you can navigate the content by pages. Fail Ctrl + G can be used to type and go to a print page break. However, NVDA reading does not start from beginning of desired page.
nav-210 Navigate forward and backward through reflowed content Use any control or command to navigate forward and backwards in the book content. Pass Use Page Down or Page Up keystroke. Ensure that the TOC panel is not open. Otherwise NVDA focus moves to TOC on using page navigation keys.
nav-310 Read navigation information Use the "Where am I?" or any other similar command available in the reading system and check if you can get information about your current position in the book. Fail It is not possible to determine current heading name and page number without losing reading position.
nav-410 Perform a search, review the search results Perform a search, review the search results and navigate to the selected search result in the content. Pass Press Ctrl + F and type text to search. Press Tab to move to serch results list. Press Enter on a search results entry. NVDA focus moves to the paragraph containing the searched text.
nav-510 Move across chapters without using TOC Check if you can move across chapters without having to use the Table of Contents. Pass Page Up/Down can be used to move across pages as well as chapters.
anno-010 Add a Bookmark or Highlight Some reading systems may have a Highlight feature in place of Bookmarks. The tests for Bookmarks may then be performed with Highlights. Pass Press Ctrl + D to place bookmark at the current screen level. There is no confirmation of bookmark being placed by NVDA.
anno-110 Review and navigate Bookmarks or Highlights Check if you can review and navigate Bookmarks or Highlights. Pass Press Ctrl + B to open the pane which contains bokmarks list. NVDA focus does not move to it and I have to press TAB repeatedly to reach to it. On pressing Enter on a bokmark in the list, NVDA starts reading from correct location.
anno-210 Add a note Add a Note at this location in the book. Provide a few lines of text in the Note. Fail Cannot highlight text with NVDA, cannot bring up the menu which contains Add Note and highlight options.
anno-310 Review and navigate Notes Check if you can review and navigate Notes. Fail On selecting an item from list of Notes, NVDA starts reading from top of screen which contains the highlighted text with note. NVDA focus does not move precisely to the text which contains the note. However, NVDA does indicate which text has highlight and comments.

Results for Non-visual Reading: 71.43%

Last updated: 9 March 2022

Test book used: Fundamental Accessibility Tests: Non-Visual Reading, version 1.0.0

These tests were done by Prashant Ranjan Verma.

Summary

Kindle app from Microsoft Store version 1.34.1 NVDA version Windows 11

Test results for Non-visual Reading
Test ID Name Description Result Notes
reading-010 Initiate "read from here" Focus on the beginning of a paragraph or a sentence and initiate reading. Reading should continue until interrupted by the user or at the end of the current document, e.g. current chapter. The text being read should preferably remain in view, but this is not a requirement to pass the test. Pass The text being read by NVDA mostly remains in view
reading-110 Stop and resume reading Initiate reading from any point in the book. Stop reading and note the last read position. Initiate reading again and check if reading starts at the last read location. Pass
reading-210 All text should be read in the proper order Sample text has been provided to test the reading order. The Paragraph 2 should be read after Paragraph 1. Note that visually Paragraph 2 is placed to the left of Paragraph 1 but it is second in the reading order. Pass
reading-310 Image alternate text reading Ensure that the alternate text for the image is available. Pass Alt text is read by NVDA
reading-410 Change reading speed It should be possible to adjust (increase/decrease) the speed of reading. This test should be performed using the Assistive Technology being used for accessibility evaluation. Pass NVDA settings can be adjusted.
reading-510 TTS allows pause for headings, paragraphs, list items, etc The user should be able to identify the difference between content items such as headings, paragraphs or list items by sufficient pauses in the TTS reading or appropriate formatting in the Braille device. Fail Headings cannot be distinguished as there is no pause after it. Punctuations are identified by NVDA and there is sufficient pause at end of sentences.
reading-610 Navigate between the cells, rows and columns in the table Check if you can navigate between the rows and columns of the table Pass
reading-710 Navigate between internal hyperlinks Check if you can navigate between internal hyperlinks. Fail NVDA focus moves to top of screen containing the destination of hyperlink and not to the exact location.
reading-810 Move to the next block item Check if you can move to the next available page element e.g. paragraph, image or table by using a common key/gesture like swipe right, down arrow etc. Pass Only paragraph navigation can be used to move to next block of text.
reading-910 Navigate by characters Check if it is possible to navigate to next and previous character in the book text by way of any command or gesture. Pass
reading-1010 Navigate by words Check if it is possible to navigate to next and previous word in the book text by way of any command or gesture. Pass
reading-1110 Navigate by lines Check if it is possible to navigate to next and previous line in the book text by way of any command or gesture. Pass
reading-1210 Navigate the content by headings Check if you can move to the next and previous headings in this book without using the Table of Contents. Fail Heading are not recognized by NVDA
reading-1310 Select and copy text Reading systems should provide the ability to copy pieces of text that could be used for notes, in quotations, or to facilitate searching terms contained in the book. In some cases, this could be achieved using an AT such as a screen reader, for instance with a dedicated cursor or other procedures. Fail Text cannot be selected with NVDA

Results for Extended Descriptions: 50%

Last updated: 10 March 2022

Test book used: Accessibility Tests Extended Descriptions, version 1.1.1

These tests were done by Prashant Ranjan Verma.

Summary

Kindle app from Microsoft Store version 1.34.1 NVDA version Windows 11

Test results for Extended Descriptions
Test ID Name Description Result Notes
extdescription-010 Detection and Utilization of HTML Details and Summary elements Check if you can use HTML details and summary successfully and read the extended description contained in it. Fail The details element is not supported. The extended description is displayed by default.
extdescription-020 Technique for linking to a single extended description placed in a separate HTML file via text hyperlinks Check if activating the hyperlink placed under the image takes you to a separate HTML file with extended descriptions, and the back link there brings you back to the image. Pass It is difficult to detect and activate the link with screen reader. The screen reader links navigation commands are not supported. This can be improved. However, when link is activated, NVDA focus moves to the correct location.

Results for Mathematics: 75%

Last updated: 10 March 2022

Test book used: Accessibility Tests Mathematics, version 1.1.1

These tests were done by Prashant Ranjan Verma.

Summary

Kindle app from Microsoft Store version 1.34.1 NVDA version Windows 11

Test results for Mathematics
Test ID Name Description Result Notes
mathml-010 Navigating block MathML with assistive technology and other technologies The test checks if block MathML works with assistive technology and related technologies. Pass The MathML is detected. Navigation inside is supported. The Access8Math NVDA addon could detect the math and provided navigation inside it.
mathml-020 Navigating inline MathML with assistive technology and other technologies The test checks if inline MathML works with assistive technology and related technologies. Pass
math-image-030 Navigating Block Math images followed by Summary/Details with MathML The test checks if block MathML works with assistive technology and related technologies in a HTML Summary/Details as an option to get at the native MathML. Fail The details element is not supported. The MathML is displayed by default
math-image-040 Navigating Inline Math images followed by commented out MathML This test shows an inline math expression as an image with only alt-text describing the math equation. This is not ideal but if a publisher can not use raw mathML directly this is an option for reprocessing in the future. Pass Works as expected. The alt text was read.